WHAT IS ELECTRIC VEHICLE
An electric vehicle( EV) is one that operates on an electric motor, rather of an internal- combustion machine that generates power by burning a blend of energy and feasts. thus, similar as vehicle is seen as a possible relief for current- generation machine, in order to address the issue of rising pollution, global warming, depleting natural coffers, etc. Though the conception of electric vehicles has been around for a long time, it has drawn a considerable quantum of interest in the once decade amid a rising carbon footmark and other environmental impacts of energy- grounded vehicles.
In India, the first concrete decision to incentivise electric vehicles was taken in 2010. According to a Rs 95- crore scheme approved by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy( MNRE), the government blazoned a fiscal incitement for manufacturers for electric vehicles vended in India. The scheme, effective from November 2010, imaged impulses of over to 20 per cent onex-factory prices of vehicles, subject to a maximum limit. still, the subvention scheme was latterly withdrawn by the MNRE in March 2012.
In 2013, India unveiled the' National Electric Mobility Mission Plan( NEMMP) 2020' to make a major shift to electric vehicles and to address the issues of public energy security, vehicular pollution and growth of domestic manufacturing capabilities. Though the scheme was to offer subventions and produce supporting structure fore-vehicles, the plan substantially remained on papers. While presenting the Union Budget for 2015- 16 in Parliament, also finance minister Arun Jaitley blazoned briskly relinquishment and manufacturing of electric vehicles( FAME), with an original disbursement of Rs 75 crore. The scheme was blazoned with an end to offer impulses for clean- energy technology buses to boost their deals to over to 7 million vehicles by 2020.
In 2017, Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari made a statement showing India’s intent to move to 100 per cent electric buses by 2030. still, the machine assiduity raised enterprises over the prosecution of such a plan. The government latterly adulterated the plan from 100 per cent to 30 per cent.
In February 2019, the Union Cabinet cleared a Rs,000- crore programme under the FAME- II scheme. This scheme came into force from April 1, 2019. The main ideal of the scheme is to encourage a briskly relinquishment of electric and cold-blooded vehicles by offering outspoken impulses on purchase of electric vehicles and also by establishing necessary charging structure for EVs.